In recent years, the number of kindergartens, especially nurseries taking care of children younger than three years, has expanded greatly in Germany and thus laid a good foundation for the compatibility of family and work for many parents. As a next step, the federal government and the federal states now focus on the quality of day care.
In the BiKA study, the University of Applied Sciences and PädQUIS institute explore the quality of day care. They focus on the realisation of participation of young children. Thus an important part of process quality, that has been demanded by experts and responsible bodies alike and that has not been considered enough on a national level, moves into the centre of attention. The BiKA study explores the following: How do educators manage to include the perspective and the needs of children in an appropriate manner? How do educators ensure the children’s participation in situations that are important to them?
To this end, the educator’s ability to recognize signals of young children, to react sensitively and appropriately, and their ability to let children participate in ritualized key situations is assessed. Moreover, the reaction of children to these participation-oriented interactions of educators is also of importance to the study. Both, the participation-oriented competencies of educators as well as the children’s reactions are filmed in everyday pedagogical situations, whereas routines such as eating, reading and playing are central.